Why Do Mother Dogs Eat Their Puppies’ Poop? Explained!

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Have you ever wondered why mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop? This behavior, which may seem gross and inexplicable to us, is actually a survival instinct that has evolved over time.

Why Do Mother Dogs Eat Their Puppies Poop

So, why do mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop?

By eating their puppies’ poop, mother dogs are protecting their offspring from predators and keeping their den clean. When puppies poop, the scent can attract predators, putting the litter in danger. Mother dogs instinctively know this and will eat the poop to get rid of the scent.

By keeping the den clean, the mother dog ensures that her puppies have a safe and healthy environment in which to grow and develop. While this behavior may seem strange to us, it is perfectly normal and natural for mother dogs to eat their puppies’ poop.

However, if you have concerns about your dog’s behavior, it’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian to rule out any underlying health issues or behavioral problems.

The Biology of Mother Dogs

As a mother dog, it is instinctual to care for your puppies and protect them from harm. This includes keeping the den clean and free of any potential threats, such as predators.

Let’s explore the biology behind why mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop.

The Role of Pheromones

Mother dogs have a keen sense of smell, and they use this ability to recognize their puppies. Pheromones, which are chemical signals released by the puppies, play a crucial role in this recognition process.

When puppies eliminate waste, they release pheromones that can attract predators to the den. To protect their young, mother dogs will eat the poop to eliminate the scent and prevent predators from finding the den.

Instinctual Behaviors

In addition to the role of pheromones, mother dogs also have instinctual behaviors that drive them to eat their puppies’ poop. Keeping the den clean is essential for the health and survival of the puppies.

By eating the poop, mother dogs are removing any potential sources of infection and reducing the risk of illness spreading among the litter. The biology of mother dogs plays a significant role in why they eat their puppies’ poop.

It is a natural behavior that helps protect their young and ensure their survival.

Why Do Mother Dogs Eat Their Puppies Poop?

As a dog owner, you may have observed your mother dog eating her puppies’ poop and wondered why she does it.

There are several reasons why mother dogs exhibit this behavior, and we will explore them below.

1.     Nutritional Deficiencies

One reason why mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop is due to nutritional deficiencies. When a mother dog is not getting enough nutrients, she may eat her puppies’ poop to obtain the missing nutrients.

This behavior is more common in young or first-time mothers who may not have enough experience to provide the necessary nutrients to their puppies.

If you suspect that your mother dog is eating her puppies’ poop due to nutritional deficiencies, consult your veterinarian.

They can recommend a diet that will provide your mother dog with the necessary nutrients and reduce the likelihood of her eating her puppies’ poop.

2.     Cleaning Up the Den

Another reason why mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop is to keep their den clean. Puppies are not born with the ability to control their bowel movements, and their poop can quickly accumulate in the den.

Mother dogs will eat their puppies’ poop to keep the den clean and prevent the spread of bacteria and disease.

If you notice your mother dog eating her puppies’ poop, it is likely because she is trying to keep the den clean.

However, it is still important to clean the den regularly to maintain a healthy environment for the puppies.

3.     Protecting Puppies from Predators

The third reason why mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop is to protect their puppies from predators. Puppies’ poop has a strong scent that can attract predators, and mother dogs will eat the poop to eliminate the scent and reduce the risk of predators finding the den.

This behavior is especially important in the wild, where predators pose a significant threat to puppies.

However, even if you have a domesticated mother dog, she may still exhibit this behavior as a survival instinct. Mother dogs eating their puppies’ poop is a natural behavior that serves a purpose.

However, if you are concerned about your mother dog’s behavior or notice any unusual symptoms, consult your veterinarian.

How Do I Stop My Dog from Eating Her Puppies Poop?

1.     Dietary Changes

One of the most effective ways to prevent coprophagy is to change your dog’s diet. Some dogs may eat poop because they are not getting enough nutrients from their food.

If your dog’s food is not providing them with the necessary nutrients, they may try to supplement their diet by eating poop. Switching to a high-quality dog food that meets all of your dog’s nutritional needs can help reduce the likelihood of coprophagy.

Another dietary change that may help prevent coprophagy is adding digestive enzymes to your dog’s food. Digestive enzymes can help your dog break down and absorb more nutrients from their food, which can help reduce their desire to eat poop.

2.     Environmental Modifications

Making some simple modifications to your dog’s environment can also help prevent coprophagy. One of the easiest things you can do is to clean up your dog’s poop as soon as possible.

If there is no poop around, your dog won’t be able to eat it. You can also try to distract your dog from eating poop by providing them with plenty of toys and other things to play with. Another option is to use a deterrent spray or powder on your dog’s poop.

These products are designed to make poop taste bad, which can help discourage your dog from eating it. Some people also recommend adding hot sauce or other spicy condiments to your dog’s poop to make it unappetizing.

Finally, it’s important to remember that coprophagy can be a sign of an underlying medical condition, such as malabsorption or parasites.

If you have tried dietary changes and environmental modifications and your dog is still eating poop, it’s important to talk to your veterinarian to rule out any underlying health issues.

3.     Vitamin Supplementation

For a while now, there has been a popular belief that dogs consume feces due to an inadequate diet, and providing them with a multivitamin could help address this issue.

One nutrient that has been implicated in this theory is Vitamin B, and scientific studies have supported this claim.

In 1981, researchers demonstrated that fecal microbial activity produced thiamine, a type of B-vitamin. Further investigations have revealed the presence of other deficient nutrients in dogs that consume feces.

4.     Enzyme Supplementation

Canine diets have evolved over time, and the modern-day diet differs significantly from the ancestral diet of dogs. Modern diets tend to contain a higher proportion of carbohydrates and a lower amount of meat-based proteins and fats.

This shift in dietary composition is due to a variety of factors, including changes in human food preferences, availability of commercial pet food, and advancements in canine nutrition research.

However, some pet owners have reported success in improving their dog’s digestion by using supplements containing papain, an enzyme that aids in the breakdown of proteins.

Papain is derived from papaya and is commonly used in human digestive supplements. It works by breaking down proteins into smaller peptides and amino acids, which are more easily absorbed by the body.

5.     Use Of Taste-Aversion Products

According to a popular theory, dogs tend to dislike certain tastes and smells that are as revolting to them as the thought of consuming feces is to us.

As a result, several poop-eating deterrents have been developed that can be added to a dog’s food or treats, which can make their poop less appealing to them.

These deterrents contain a variety of ingredients, including monosodium glutamate, chamomile, pepper-plant derivatives, yucca, garlic, and parsley.

However, it is essential to keep in mind that if there are multiple dogs in a household, all of them should be treated if any of them exhibit a poop-eating problem.

This is because, in multi-dog households, one dog’s feces may be more appealing to another dog, and the behavior could spread.

Some pet owners also use bitter-tasting sprays as a poop-eating deterrent. These sprays are designed to make poop taste unpleasant to the dog, discouraging them from consuming it.

However, it is crucial to note that these sprays may not be effective in all cases and should be used in conjunction with other deterrents and training methods.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Do Mother Dogs Eat Their Puppies Poop?

Mother dogs often eat their puppies’ poop for the first three weeks after birth. This is an attempt to clean the den and encourages the puppy to poop.

After the first three weeks, mother dogs are most likely to stop eating their puppies poop.

Why Is My Nursing Dog Eating Her Own Poop?

It is an instinctual behavior for nursing dogs to eat their own poop and that of their puppies as well.

Nursing mothers mostly eat their stool to keep the den clean and free from dirt.

Is It Okay for Mother Dog to Eat Puppies Poop?

Yes, it is okay for mother dogs to eat puppies’ poop, especially for the first three weeks after birth.

This not only happens in dogs but cats too.


You now understand why mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop. It is a natural behavior that serves two important purposes.

First, mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop to protect them from predators. When puppies poop, the scent can attract predators, making them vulnerable. By eating the poop, the mother removes the scent and reduces the risk of an attack on her puppies.

Second, mother dogs eat their puppies’ poop to keep their den clean. This helps prevent the spread of disease and makes the den a more comfortable place for the puppies to sleep and play.

Remember that as a dog owner, it is your responsibility to keep your dog healthy and safe. By understanding your dog’s behavior, you can provide the best possible care and ensure a happy, healthy life for your furry friend.

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